• 1. Le Pass é Compos é Un Guide Compl ê te de l’Usage et de l’Application
  • 2. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes Regulier qui prennent Avoir
    • Les Trois Parties!!!
      • Le sujet! (Je, Tu,…etc)
      • Le verb auxilliaire
        • (un form CONJUG É d’avoir)
      • Le participe pass é
        • Regardez dans la texte Pp R30 pour la formulation des participes réguliers
        • Past participles with AVOIR do NOT need to agree with their subjects for number and gender** (exceptions apply)
    repondre  repondu choisir  choisi manger  mang é Remove ending Add -u Remove ending Add –i Remove ending Add - é RE Verbs IR Verbs ER Verbs
  • 3. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes irreguliers qui prennent Avoir
    • Some verbs do not use the simple formula to create their past participle.
    • The list of these irregular verbs is found on Pg R32 of the text and should be memorized.
    • For Example:
      • prendre  pris, lire  lu, mettre  mis
      • Il a lu le livre pendant le weekend.
  • 4. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes Regulier qui prennent Être
    • Some verbs use Être as their auxiliary verb in the past
      • These verbs usually refer to motion to or from a place.
        • For example: Sortir, partir, mourir, monter, déscendre, etc
    • The Past Participle of verbs that use Être MUST agree with their subject in Number & Gender
    • For example:
        • (m/s) Il est sorti avec ses amis.
          • The p.p. sorti is created as per the graph on R30
        • (f/s) Elle est sorti e avec ses amis.
          • The p.p. sorti(e) adds an E to agree w/ female subject
        • (m/pl) Ils sont sorti s avec leurs amis.
          • The p.p. sorti(s) gets an S to agree w/ male, plural subject.
        • (f/pl) Elles sont sorti es avec leurs amis.
          • The p.p. sorti(es) gets an ES to agree w/ female, plural subject.
  • 5. Le Pass é Compos é
    • Le verbe auxilliare:
      • In the pass é compos é , you have ONLY two choices of verbs: AVOIR or Ê TRE
      • These be conjugated
        • J’ ai mangé un sandwich.
        • Nous sommes allés à la plage.
      • REMEMBER!!! A past participle is NO LONGER a verb.
        • In negative sentences the Ne…pas “hugs” the auxiliary verb NOT the past participle.
          • Nous ne sommes pas allés à la plage.
    MUST
  • 6. Direct Objects that come before the Past Participle. (Verbs that take AVOIR)
      • In the Passe Compose, sometimes the direct object of the verb or its pronoun will precede the past participle.
      • When this happens with verbs that take AVOIR as an auxiliary verb, there must be agreement between the past participle and the direct object.
        • For example:
          • Il a ecrit une lettre. (sub, aux verb, p.p., direct obj.)
          • Il l’a ecrite . (sub, direct obj pronoun, p.p.) the (e) is added to ecrit for agreement with a singular feminine object pronoun “la.”
          • La lettre qu’il a ecrite est longue. (Direct obj, relative prononun, subject, aux verb, p.p., predicate) the (e) is added to ecrit for agreement with a singular feminine direct object “la lettre.”
  • 7. Le Passé Composé des Verbes Refleshis
    • In the past tense, reflexive verbs almost ALWAYS use Ê TRE as their auxiliary verb.
    • Reflexive verbs reflect things that the subject of the sentence does to themselves.
    • Reflexive verbs in their infinitive form are ALWAYS preceded by the reflexive pronoun SE (se laver, s’habiller)
      • In the past tense the verbs are changed to past participles per the chart on Pg R30/32
    • Because these verbs take Ê TRE the p.p. must agree with the subject in NUMBER & GENDER
      • For example:
        • Martin s’est lev é le matin a 8h30. (m/s)
        • Helene s’est lev é e le matin a 8h30. (f/s)
        • Ils se sont lev é s le matin a 8h30. (m/pl)
        • Elles se sont lev é es le matin a 8h30. (f/pl)
  • 8. When Reflexives DON’T Agree
    • Even though reflexive verbs ALWAYS take Etre as their aux. verb, they don’t ALWAYS have subject/past part. Agreement.
    • When a reflexive verb expresses something a subject does something FOR themselves , rather than TO themselves there is NO subject p.p. agreement.
      • For example.
        • Elle s’est lav ée la figure. (she washes her face)
        • Elle s’est achete une robe. ( she buys herself a dress)
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Passe Compose Powerpoint Fr3

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  • 1. Le Pass é Compos é Un Guide Compl ê te de l’Usage et de l’Application
  • 2. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes Regulier qui prennent Avoir
    • Les Trois Parties!!!
      • Le sujet! (Je, Tu,…etc)
      • Le verb auxilliaire
        • (un form CONJUG É d’avoir)
      • Le participe pass é
        • Regardez dans la texte Pp R30 pour la formulation des participes réguliers
        • Past participles with AVOIR do NOT need to agree with their subjects for number and gender** (exceptions apply)
    repondre  repondu choisir  choisi manger  mang é Remove ending Add -u Remove ending Add –i Remove ending Add - é RE Verbs IR Verbs ER Verbs
  • 3. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes irreguliers qui prennent Avoir
    • Some verbs do not use the simple formula to create their past participle.
    • The list of these irregular verbs is found on Pg R32 of the text and should be memorized.
    • For Example:
      • prendre  pris, lire  lu, mettre  mis
      • Il a lu le livre pendant le weekend.
  • 4. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes Regulier qui prennent Être
    • Some verbs use Être as their auxiliary verb in the past
      • These verbs usually refer to motion to or from a place.
        • For example: Sortir, partir, mourir, monter, déscendre, etc
    • The Past Participle of verbs that use Être MUST agree with their subject in Number & Gender
    • For example:
        • (m/s) Il est sorti avec ses amis.
          • The p.p. sorti is created as per the graph on R30
        • (f/s) Elle est sorti e avec ses amis.
          • The p.p. sorti(e) adds an E to agree w/ female subject
        • (m/pl) Ils sont sorti s avec leurs amis.
          • The p.p. sorti(s) gets an S to agree w/ male, plural subject.
        • (f/pl) Elles sont sorti es avec leurs amis.
          • The p.p. sorti(es) gets an ES to agree w/ female, plural subject.
  • 5. Le Pass é Compos é
    • Le verbe auxilliare:
      • In the pass é compos é , you have ONLY two choices of verbs: AVOIR or Ê TRE
      • These be conjugated
        • J’ ai mangé un sandwich.
        • Nous sommes allés à la plage.
      • REMEMBER!!! A past participle is NO LONGER a verb.
        • In negative sentences the Ne…pas “hugs” the auxiliary verb NOT the past participle.
          • Nous ne sommes pas allés à la plage.
    MUST
  • 6. Direct Objects that come before the Past Participle. (Verbs that take AVOIR)
      • In the Passe Compose, sometimes the direct object of the verb or its pronoun will precede the past participle.
      • When this happens with verbs that take AVOIR as an auxiliary verb, there must be agreement between the past participle and the direct object.
        • For example:
          • Il a ecrit une lettre. (sub, aux verb, p.p., direct obj.)
          • Il l’a ecrite . (sub, direct obj pronoun, p.p.) the (e) is added to ecrit for agreement with a singular feminine object pronoun “la.”
          • La lettre qu’il a ecrite est longue. (Direct obj, relative prononun, subject, aux verb, p.p., predicate) the (e) is added to ecrit for agreement with a singular feminine direct object “la lettre.”
  • 7. Le Passé Composé des Verbes Refleshis
    • In the past tense, reflexive verbs almost ALWAYS use Ê TRE as their auxiliary verb.
    • Reflexive verbs reflect things that the subject of the sentence does to themselves.
    • Reflexive verbs in their infinitive form are ALWAYS preceded by the reflexive pronoun SE (se laver, s’habiller)
      • In the past tense the verbs are changed to past participles per the chart on Pg R30/32
    • Because these verbs take Ê TRE the p.p. must agree with the subject in NUMBER & GENDER
      • For example:
        • Martin s’est lev é le matin a 8h30. (m/s)
        • Helene s’est lev é e le matin a 8h30. (f/s)
        • Ils se sont lev é s le matin a 8h30. (m/pl)
        • Elles se sont lev é es le matin a 8h30. (f/pl)
  • 8. When Reflexives DON’T Agree
    • Even though reflexive verbs ALWAYS take Etre as their aux. verb, they don’t ALWAYS have subject/past part. Agreement.
    • When a reflexive verb expresses something a subject does something FOR themselves , rather than TO themselves there is NO subject p.p. agreement.
      • For example.
        • Elle s’est lav ée la figure. (she washes her face)
        • Elle s’est achete une robe. ( she buys herself a dress)
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