Le monde militaire en V.O. HORS-SRIE SPECIAL ? Hors-Srie - Mars 2010 - 2,80 HORS SRIE ANGLAIS

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  • Hors

    -Sr

    ie - M

    ars 2

    010

    - 2,80

    HORS

    SR

    IEANGLAISSur une ancienne basefranaise de l'OTAN

    I THE NEW YORK TIMES I

    ALLEMANDLa brigade franco-allemande a 20 ans

    I BADISCHE ZEITUNG I

    SPECIAL ARMEE

    HORS-SRIE

    ESPAGNOLtre femme et militairedans l'arme espagnole

    I PUBLICO I

    HORS SRIE

    Le monde militaire en V.O.

    SPECIAL ARMEE

    01-HS Army:vocable 8/03/10 13:02 Page 1

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    02-HS ARMEE: Page pair 3/03/10 15:14 Page 2

  • [NIVEAU 2]Nostalgia after 43 years 6Sur la base de Chteauroux.I THE NEW YORK TIMES (US) I

    FOCUS OTAN 8

    [NIVEAU 2]A beautiful place to train for war 9Une base dentranement dans les montagnes.I LOS ANGELES TIMES (US) I

    [NIVEAU 3]A portrait of change 12Barack Obama, un prsident singulier.I THE NEW YORK TIMES (US) I

    [NIVEAU 3]Drones in Pakistan 15Prcision et scurit.I THE NEW YORK TIMES (US) I

    [NIVEAU 2]The General 18Un entretien avec le gnralPetraeus.I NEWSWEEK (US) I

    [NIVEAU 2]Army saves Afghan boystricken with tetanus 20Sauver des vies !I THE INDEPENDENT (GB) I

    [NIVEAU 2]Wir leben Europa seit 20 Jahren 22Le 20e anniversaire de labrigade franco-allemande.I BADISCHE ZEITUNG I

    [NIVEAU 1]La autoridad se tiene, y el liderazgo se gana 26Interview de la premirefemme lieutenant-colonel desforces armes espagnoles.I PBLICO I

    GUIDE 30La guerre lcran.

    FORMATION 32Lchelle des niveaux delangue tablie par lOTAN

    Un peu dexercice ! 34

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    JEAN-PAUL PALOMEROS

    L engagement de la France dans lesoprations militaires internationales,la rintgration pleine et entire de laFrance dans lOTAN, les instanceseuropennes pour la dfense et la scu-rit, les futurs programmesdquipement en coopration multina-tionale comme la prise en compte desnormes europennes de navigabilitdes aronefs sont autant dexigencesqui imposent aux armes de disposerde personnel apte sintgrer dans unenvironnement anglophone.

    Pleinement conscient de ces exi-gences, jai fait le choix pour lArmede lair damplifier leffort de formation langlais des aviateurs afin de leurpermettre de jouer efficacement leurrle aux cts de leurs homologuesallis. Ceci doit bien sr venir en com-plment des efforts personnels indis-pensables pour progresser dans lamatrise de cette langue.

    Cest pourquoi jai souhait appor-ter tout mon soutien Ops Talk oules Rencontres des professionnels de laformation langlais aronautique eten oprations organises Tours, sur labase arienne les 30 et 31 mars pro-chains. Celles-ci offrent aux acteurs dela formation du ministre de la dfenselopportunit de rencontrer des profes-sionnels du domaine, civils et mili-taires, publics et privs, et dvoqueravec eux les solutions de formation lesmieux adaptes pour rpondre nosbesoins oprationnels.

    ESPAGNOL

    TEST

    (SIRP

    A AIR)

    ANGLAIS

    ALLEMAND

    Gnral d'Arme ArienneChef d'Etat-major de l'Arme de l'air

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    PROPOS DES ARTICLESLes articles sont classs selon la grille des niveaux de langue tablispar lOTAN (voir page 32)

    [NIVEAU 1] Comptence de survie[NIVEAU 2] Comptence fonctionnelle[NIVEAU 3] Comptence professionnelle

    Vocable propose le meilleur de la presseinternationale en V.O. avec la traduction des mots difficiles. Vocable existe en 3 langues :anglais, allemand, espagnol. www.vocable.fr

    Numro spcial ralis en partenariatavec lArme de lair.

    03-HS ARMEE:vocable 8/03/10 13:04 Page 3

  • EDUCATIONIN THE US, FREE AND UNLIMITED TU-TORING in a variety of subjects ranging from sec-ondary education mathematics to resume writing

    is now available online for all service members and

    their families. A new service provided by the De-

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    the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and American Col-

    lege Testing (ACT) exams.

    free gratuit / tutoring tutorat, cours particuliers / torange from... to varier de... / resume (US)curriculum vitae / available accessible / servicearme / to match associer, mettre en relation /youth jeune / kindergarten cole maternelle /college (US) universit / Scholastic Aptitude Test(US) examen dentre luniversit / AmericanCollege Testing (US) examen de fin dtudessecondaires.

    FIRST WOMAN TO BECOMEPROVOST MARSHALBRIG. GEN. COLLEEN L. MCGUIRE assumed responsibility as the firstwoman provost marshal general of the Army and also took commandof the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command in a ceremony at FortBelvoir last month. McGuire is the 10th commander of CID since it wasfirst established as a major command Sept. 17, 1971, and the 13thprovost marshal general of the Army since 1941. She is the first womanin both positions. Brig. Gen. gnral de brigade / provost marshal general chef de la police militaire / CID= CriminalInvestigation Division elle enqute sur les violations des lois militaires au sein de l'arme de Terreamricaine / position poste.

    (DR)

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    (DR)

    Congratulations!

    A soldier from Stonehouse who fightsfor the French Foreign Legion hasreceived Frances highest medal forbravery. Adjutant-Chef Alex Rowe, 43, was

    not allowed to join the British Army along-

    side his identical twin brother Mark due to

    a visual impairment. Now Alex, who has

    won four other awards for valour, has been

    presented with the Legion of Honour for

    his actions during several firefights in

    Afghanistan. to fight, fought, fought combattre / twin jumeau /impairment dficience / award distinction / firefightcombat.

    4 VOCABLE HORS SRIE

    OMGCODED REFERENCES TO NEWTESTAMENT BIBLE passagesabout Jesus Christ are inscribedon high-powered rifle sightsprovided to the United Statesmilitary by a Michigan company,an ABC News investigation hasfound. The sights are used by U.S.troops in Iraq and Afghanistanand in the training of Iraqi andAfghan soldiers. The US militaryclaims it didn't know the raisedletters and numbers on the sideof its gunsights were anythingmore than a stock number. Andneither did the Ministry ofDefence: it had just ordered 480of the American-made sights. high-powered de forte puissance / rifle fusil /sight viseur / training entranement / raised en

    relief / to order commander.

    EN BREF

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  • 6 VOCABLE HORS-SRIE

    Nostalgia after 43 yearsSOUVENIRS EMUS. En 1966, le gnral de Gaulle annonce dans une lettre adresse au prsident amricain, Lyndon B.Johnson, le retrait de la France de lOTAN. Il reconnat nanmoins lAlliance dans son principe et reste fidle lesprit quiinspira sa cration. Chteauroux, la base militaire est rapidement dserte, mais quelques soldats amricains dcidentde rester en France. Que sont-ils devenus ?

    C HTEAUROUX More than 40 years agothe American military left this town incentral France, but Harry and Joe stayedon. The two Americans had been here be-cause France was a member of NATO andChteauroux housed the largest Americanbase in Europe, a huge supply center and air-craft repair unit with about 8,000 Americansand 3,000 French civilian employees cooks,chauffeurs, barbers, accountants, carpenters.

    The good old days2. But in 1966 de Gaulle decided that

    France, which had survived two world warswith the help of soldiers from Britain,Canada, Australia, New Zealand and theUnited States, could stand on its own mili-tarily, so he withdrew France from the mil-itary side of the North Atlantic Treaty Or-ganization and told the Americans to leave.3. For many here in Chteauroux of the oldergeneration, the years at the NATO base were

    the good old days, with well-paying jobs plentiful at thebase in the dreary graynessof postwar France. About450 weddings were cele-brated between Americanservicemen and French-women in City Hall. 4. Of course, not everyonewelcomed the Americans.Communists and Socialistsregularly smeared wallswith U.S. Go Home. Butnow, as President NicolasSarkozy leads France backinto the bosom of NATO,some are wondering hope-

    fully whether those years might be comingback.5. Even today, however, the Americansare not entirely gone. In January, 1952,Joseph Gagne, a native of Augusta, Me.,who had landed on the Normandybeaches, got wind of the plans to builda base here. So together with his Frenchwife, Jeanine, he opened a hamburgerrestaurant, Joe from Maine, in narrowRue Ledru Rollin. Joe died last year at theage of 86 in a local hospital, but hisdaughter Annette still serves up ham-burgers, hot dogs and Tex-Mex dishes sixdays a week.6. When Dad opened in January of 1952the French didnt know what a hamburgerwas, said Annette. We made our ownketchup; we got spices on the base, said An-nette, entertaining a visitor between mealsunder a faux-Tiffany lamp that read, Schlitzon Tap.

    OTAN [ NIVEAU 2 ]

    NATO OTAN / to house abriter / supply appro-

    visionnement / aircraft (inv.) avion / repair

    rparation / cook cuisinier / barber coiffeur /

    accountant comptable / carpenter charpen-

    tier.

    2. to stand, stood, stood on ones own navoir

    besoin de personne / to withdraw, drew,

    drawn retirer.

    3. plentiful abondant, en grand nombre /

    dreary lugubre, sinistre / grayness (US)= grey-

    ness (GB) grisaille / postwar de laprs-guerre

    / wedding mariage / serviceman soldat, mil-

    itaire / Ciy Hall htel de ville.

    4. to smear enduire, recouvrir, maculer /

    bosom giron / to wonder se demander /

    hopefully avec espoir, optimisme.

    5. Me.= Maine / to land dbarquer / to get,

    got, got wind of avoir vent de, entendre par-

    ler de / narrow troit.

    6. spice pice / Schlitz marque de bire / on

    tap la pression.

    Nostalgia after 43 years...La nostalgie dun pass vieux de 43ans

    THE NEW YORK TIMES BY JOHN TAGLIABUE

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  • VOCABLE HORS-SRIE 7

    7. baked goods business boulangerie / square

    carr / accustomed habitu, accoutum /

    crusty croustillant.

    8. bakery boulangerie / to re-engineer mod-

    ifier, transformer / flair style / stripe rayure /

    flag drapeau / to sound sembler, sonner.

    9. plant usine / loaf of bread pain.

    10. to muse rflchir, se demander / land-

    ing strip piste datterrissage / freight fret /

    training formation / flight vol.

    Harry7. Harry leaves an even bigger mark on

    the city. In the 1960s a local entrepreneur,Paul Picard, the owner of a baked goods busi-ness, was impressed by the strange squarewhite bread that the American servicemenate. Like other Frenchmen accustomed tolong, crusty baguettes, Mr. Picard had neverseen anything like it, yet he thought it of-fered possibilities.

    8. So he visited bakeries in the United Statesto learn how it was baked, then returned toFrance where he essentially re-engineeredWonder Bread. To give it an American flair,he called it Harrys American Bread and dec-

    orated the packaging with the stars andstripes of the American flag. No one can saywho Harry was, probably just a name thatsounded American.9. Though the base closed too soon for Mr.Picard to sell his bread there, it soon becamea hit with the French. Now Harrys huge bak-ing plant outside Chteauroux bakes about130 million loaves of white bread and otherbakery products a year.

    Nostalgia10. The citys mayor, Jean-Franois Mayet,

    muses about what the return of a NATO basemight bring. The landing strips built by theAmericans in 1951 are still there, andChteaurouxs airport does some businesswith freight, aircraft repair, pilot trainingand charter flights. 11. Let them come, though things are nolonger the same, Mr. Mayet said. The pres-ence of the airport could be useful. Thereis a place for the Americans to come to.

    The years at the NATO basewere the good old days, withwell-paying jobs plentiful atthe base.

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  • VictoryDayRussia plans to inviteactive duty militarypersonnel from theWorld War II AlliedPowers France, Bri-tain, and the US tomarch in its May 9Victory Day paradesaid the chief of theRussian presidentialadministration. Thesoldiers invited wouldnot be veterans, butactive personnel, in-cluding 70 membersof the French AirForce. It would be thefirst time that NATOmembers could par-ticipate in the cele-bration, a Soviet tra-dition revivified byRussia in 1995.

    active duty en serviceactif.

    8 VOCABLE HORS SRIE

    The North At-lantic TreatyOrganization

    (NATO) is a military alliancethat consists of 28 memberstates. Of the 28 members ofNATO, two are North Ameri-can countries (Canada andthe United States) and 26 areEuropean countries. All mem-bers have militaries, althoughIceland does not have a nor-mal army (it does, however,have a military coast guardand a small unit of soldiers forpeacekeeping operations).

    Iceland Islande.

    28

    U.S. supports Montenegros NATOmembership

    In January, U.S. Secretary ofState Hillary Clinton expressedAmericas support to Montene-gros accession to the Euro-At-lantic community. After a meet-ing with Montenegrin PrimeMinister Milo Dukanovic inWashington, the U.S. secretaryof state said that she congrat-ulated Montenegro on achiev-ing NATOs Membership ActionPlan (MAP) status and guaran-teed the U.S. support in makingMontenegro an integral part ofthe Euro-Atlantic institutions.

    Secretary of State (US) ministre desAffaires trangres / to achieveobtenir.

    "In many countries, there is adisconnect between the effortsof those who serve and theambivalence of the broaderpublic. I understand why war isnot popular. But I also knowthis: the belief that peace isdesirable is rarely enough toachieve it. Peace requiresresponsibility. Peace entailssacrifice. That is why NATOcontinues to be indispensable.That is why we muststrengthen UN and regionalpeacekeeping, and not leave thetask to a few countries.U.S. President Barack Obamareceiving the Nobel Peace Prizelast December.

    disconnect rupture, coupure, foss / the broader pub-

    lic le public en gnral / belief croyance, conviction /

    to achieve atteindre, parvenir , obtenir / to entail

    entraner / NATO OTAN / to strengthen renforcer /

    UN ONU / task tche.

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  • VOCABLE HORS-SRIE 9

    B RIDGEPORT, Calif. For thousands ofU.S. Marines, the road to Afghanistangoes through an isolated training fa-cility here in the Eastern Sierra where theyshare the rugged Humboldt-Toiyabe NationalForest with civilian hunters, backpackers andskiers. Col. Norman Cooling, an Iraq andAfghanistan combat veteran who runs theMarine Corps Mountain Warfare TrainingCenter here, notes with some amusementan oddity in the Pentagons agreement withthe U.S. Forest Service: Civilian hunters canuse live ammunition but Marines, exceptin designated ranges, are re-stricted to blanks.

    238%2. In the last year,

    13,541 Marines, sailorsand foreign troops havetrained at Bridgeport,an increase of 238 per-cent over the previousyear. More increases areexpected. As the U.S. mili-tary trains to fight at mediumand high altitudes in Afghanistanand other potential hot spots, no other mil-itary venue in the nation can replicate theseconditions better than here in the EasternSierra, Cooling said.3. Marines train on 46,000 mountainousacres owned by the federal government, 20miles outside Bridgeport (population 900)just north of the Yosemite Valley all set ina postcard-beautiful region of tall trees, the

    fast-moving Walker River, thick winter snowand terrain favored by deer, bear andcougars. California 108 runs past the train-ing centers buildings in Pickel Meadow tothe Sonora Pass, at 9,624 feet, the second-highest highway pass through the Sierra. Inthe spring and early summer, the meadowand mountain slopes are brilliant green; infall the aspens turn golden and then brightorange.

    Up in the mountains4. The Marine Corps has had a train-

    ing center here since the KoreanWar, but the war in Afgha-

    nistan, with its mountainsand spread-out popula-tion, has given the re-mote facility a new sig-nificance. Marine StaffSgt. Tho-mas Davis willsoon be in Afghanistan,

    working with rural vil-lagers to win their support

    for the U.S.-led war againstthe Taliban. Gunnery Sgt. Brad

    Lenox will be building expedi-tionary airfields, allowing the U.S. to quicklymove troops and supplies in a region withfew roads. And Sgt. Nicholas Heiers engi-neering battalion could be in Afghanistan toprovide sustainability, mobility and counter-mobility, which includes hunting for road-side bombs before they can kill U.S. troops.You cant get this terrain anywhere else,said Heier.

    A beautiful place to train for warMISE EN SITUATION. Comment prparer les troupes, amricaines et trangres, aux conditions de combat enAfghanistan ? Essentiellement grce au camp dentranement la guerre en montagne du corps des Marinesbas Bridgeport, en Californie. Tony Perry, pour le Los Angeles Times, est all enquter sur place

    ENTRANEMENT [ NIVEAU 2 ]

    h

    training entranement / facility installation,

    infrastructure, ici base, camp / to share

    partager / rugged accident / hunter chasseur

    / backpacker randonneur / oddity bizarrerie,

    curiosit / agreement accord / ammunition

    munitions, live ammunition cartouches/balles

    relles / range territoire, champ de tir / blank

    cartouche/balle blanc.

    2. sailor marin / to train se former, sentraner

    / increase augmentation / previous prc-

    dent / to fight, fought, fought combattre /

    hot spot point chaud, lieu de conflit / venue

    lieu, site / to replicate reproduire.

    3. acre arpent (0,4 ha) / to set, set, set (se)

    situer / tall haut / fast-moving rapide / thick

    pais / to favor (US)= favour (GB) priser /

    deer (inv.) cerf(s) / meadow prairie / pass

    col, dfil / foot (pl. feet) 30,48 cm / highway

    (US)= motorway (GB) autoroute / slope

    pente, versant / fall (US) = autumn (GB) /

    aspen tremble / bright vif (couleur).

    4. spread-out dispers / remote recul, isol,

    loign / significance importance / Staff Sgt.

    sergent / Gunnery Sgt sergent dartillerie /

    airfield terrain daviation, arodrome / sup-

    plies vivres et matriel / engineering gnie /

    sustainability viabilit / to hunt for chasser,

    chercher.

    A beautiful place to train for warUn endroit magnifique pour sen-traner au combat

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    LOS ANGELES TIMES BY TONY PERRY

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  • 10 VOCABLE HORS-SRIE

    5. to mean, meant, meant to tre destin

    / landscape paysage, environnement /

    breathing souffle, respiration / labored (US)=

    laboured (GB) pnible, difficile / bullet balle

    / to gauge jauger, apprcier, valuer / to

    enhance accrotre, renforcer / area zone,

    rgion, secteur / to sound sembler (par la

    sonorit) / to shoot, shot, shot tirer.

    6. overland par voie de terre / route itinraire,

    parcours / Nev. = Nevada / likely to suscep-

    tible de / to encounter rencontrer / donkey

    ne / pack animal bte de somme / to adjust

    for sadapter / thin mince, ici rare, rarfi /

    tricky difficile, complexe, ici tratre, changeant

    / to aim a shot viser / live fire tir balles

    relles / exercise opration, manoeuvres /

    warrior guerrier, combattant / snowshoe

    raquette / Dutch nerlandais.

    7. tough dur, difficile / curriculum programme

    / part rle / friendly amical, bienveillant / to

    set up installer / to dictate imposer.

    8. to toughen up sendurcir / to match aller

    de pair avec, accompagner / step pas / hin-

    terland arrire-pays / grunt troufion / to trust

    avoir confiance en / properly correctement

    / liability source dennuis, handicap / rear

    arrire.

    5. Bridgeport is meant to prepare Marinesfor Afghanistans cold, snowy winters;rugged landscape where communicationis difficult; and high altitudes wherebreathing is labored and the trajectory ofbullets is difficult to gauge. To enhance therealism, various areas are given namesmeant to sound Afghan. If you can move,shoot and communicate in the mountains,you can do it anywhere, said Maj. UrbanoCruz, the officer in charge of training.

    All set6. A 68-mile overland convoy route

    through Lucky Boy Pass to the Army depotin Hawthorne, Nev., prepares Marines forthe roadside bombs and sniper attacks theyare likely to encounter in Afghanistan. AtBridgeport, Marines receive instruction inavalanche survival, cold-weather medicine,the use of donkeys and mules as pack an-imals and how to adjust for thin air andtricky winds when aiming a sniper shot.

    There are live-fire ranges away from theareas where civilians are permitted. Manyof the courses are for small groups ofMarines selected by their superiors. Othersare for companies of 100 Marines or more.Eight times a year, entire battalions (eachwith 800 to 1,200 Marines) come to Bridge-port for a 21-day exercise called MountainWarrior. In the winter, two days are addedfor snowshoe instruction. The Dutch andBritish military send troops to Bridgeportfor training.

    As tough as it can be7. The Bridgeport curriculum includes

    Afghan emigres playing the part of vil-lagers, some friendly, some hostile, manyincredulous. Faux villages are set up to addto the realism, although Forest Service rulesdictate the structures can be left up for onlya few days at a time. Many of the Marinesfrom the 4th Civil Affairs Group are veter-ans of similar missions in Iraq. Afghanistanwill be more difficult, they agreed. Bridge-port allows our Marines to see how toughit can be, said the groups commander, Lt.Col. Martin Croxton.8. Croxtons Marines are also tougheningup so they can match the infantry Marinesstep for step when they travel into the hin-terlands of Afghanistan. In Marine culture,infantry grunts are slow to accept out-siders. They have to trust us, said Davis,42. If were not properly trained, well beconsidered a liability and theyll leave usin the rear.

    Geography

    MWTC is located in what's known as Pickel Mead-

    ows of the Sierra Nevada mountains south of

    Lake Tahoe on 46,000 acres of mountainous ter-

    rain with elevations from 6,700 ft to 11,000 ft.

    Other areas utilized by MWTC: Sweetwater

    Airstrip 6,835 ft, Mt Shasta 14,179 ft, the east-

    ern slopes of the Sierra Nevada (U.S.) and

    Hawthorne Army Depot for live fire exercises.

    (BRIAN VANDER BRUG / LOS ANGELES TIMES)

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  • 12 VOCABLE HORS-SRIE

    A portrait of changePROFIL ATYPIQUE. De tous les prsidents amricains lus jusqu prsent, Barack Obama est celui dont le profil est cer-tainement le plus original. Ni issu dune grande ligne de politiciens, ni milliardaire, il a su cependant rallier la majorit son projet de socit. Voici un portrait-vrit de celui qui est devenu, en janvier 2009, lun des hommes les plus importantsde la plante.

    F or well over two centuries, the UnitedStates has been vastly more diverse thanits ruling families. Now the Obama fam-ily has flipped that around, with a Techni-color cast that looks almost nothing like theiroverwhelmingly white, overwhelminglyProtestant predecessors in the role. The fam-ily that produced Barack and MichelleObama is black and white and Asian, Chris-tian, Muslim and Jewish. They speak English;Indonesian; French; Cantonese; German; He-brew; African languages including Swahili,Luo and Igbo; and even a few phrases of Gul-lah, the Creole dialect of the South CarolinaLowcountry. Very few are wealthy, and some like Sarah Obama, the stepgrandmotherwho only recently got electricity and run-ning water in her metal-roofed shack arequite poor.2. Our family is new in terms of the WhiteHouse, but I dont think its new in terms ofthe country, Maya Soetoro-Ng, the presi-dents younger half-sister, said last week. I

    dont think the White House has always re-flected the textures and flavors of this coun-try.

    Bound for glory3. Though the world recognized the

    inauguration of the first African-Ameri-can president, the story is a more com-plex narrative, about immigration, socialmobility and the desegregation of one ofthe last divided institutions in Americanlife: the family. It is a tale of self-deter-mination, full of refusals to follow thetracks laid by history or religion orparentage.4. Aside from a top-quality education, thenew president came to politics with noneof his predecessors advantages: no famouslast name, no deep-pocketed parents to fi-nance early forays into politics and, in fact,not much of a father at all. So Mr. Obamabuilt his political career from scratch, withbest-selling books and long-shot runs

    PERSONNALIT [ NIVEAU 3 ]

    ruling au pouvoir / to flip around bouleverser,inverser / cast distribution, acteurs, ici famille/ overwhelmingly trs majoritairement /Christian chrtien / Muslim musulman / Jew-ish juif / wealthy riche, fortun / stepgrand-mother belle-grand-mre / metal-roofed autoit de tle / shack cabane.

    2. half-sister demi-soeur / texture consis-tance, ici composition / flavor (US)= flavour(GB) parfum, arme, ici accent, coloration.

    3. bound for en route pour / inaugurationinvestiture / tale histoire / self-determina-tion autodtermination / track voie / to lay,laid, laid poser, tablir / parentage origines.

    4. aside from part / last name patronyme/ deep-pocketed riche, nanti / foray incur-sion / from scratch de zro / long-shot risqu,hasardeux / run candidature /

    A portrait of changeLa fin des strotypes

    THE NEW YORK TIMES BY JODI KANTOR

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  • 14 VOCABLE HORS-SRIE

    relative parent (membre de la famille) / mind-

    boggling incroyable, ahurissant / to layer

    superposer, you layer on top of it ajoutez-y

    (le fait que) / to relate apparenter / brother-

    in-law beau-frre / overwhelming ici impres-

    sionnant / hardly ne... gure, pas vraiment.

    5. root racine / to chase chasser / slave

    esclave, ici esclavagiste / Midwesterner habi-

    tant du Midwest / to weather rsister ,

    essuyer (tempte), survivre / Depression

    annes de rcession conomique qui suivirent

    la dbcle financire de 1929 / a handful of

    quelques / to fight, fought, fought combattre

    / to pass down transmettre / so-and-so un

    tel/une telle.

    6. to draw, drew, drawn on puiser dans /

    census recensement / data donnes, infor-

    mations / records archives / northward vers

    le nord / in search of en qute de / oppor-

    tunity dbouch, ici avenir / outsize meas-

    ures of normment de / adversity malheurs,

    difficults / disappointment dception.

    7. for ici en dpit de / thread fil, common

    thread fil rouge / to herd garder (troupeau)

    / goat chvre / scholarship bourse (dtudes)

    / meanwhile entre temps / workbook manuel

    scolaire / ahead en avance.

    8. in the standard telling daprs ce quon

    raconte gnralement, aux dires de tous / to

    bend, bent, bent the rules faire une entorse

    la rgle, modifier les rgles / to venture

    saventurer.

    9. daring audacieux / cross-cultural tran-

    sculturel/interculturel / leap bond en avant /

    to match galer / to hang, hung, hung out

    traner, frquenter / decade dcennie / to

    pick up ramasser / flier tract, prospectus / to

    notice remarquer.

    10. background origines, milieu socio-culturel

    / to date se frquenter / to bear, bore, borne

    a child avoir un enfant / racial intermarriage

    mariage mixte / to flourish prosprer, se

    dvelopper, se multiplier.

    for office, leaving his relatives astonishedat where he has brought them. It is somind-boggling that there is a black pres-ident, Craig Robinson, Mrs. Obamasbrother, said in an interview. Then youlayer on top of it that I am related to him?And then you layer on top of that that itsmy brother-in-law? That is so overwhelm-ing, I cant hardly think about it.5. Though Mr. Obama is the son of a blackKenyan, he has some conventionally presi-dential roots on his white mothers side: abo-litionists who, according to family legend,were chased out of Missouri, a slave state;Midwesterners who weathered the Depres-sion; even a handful of distant ancestors whofought in the Revolutionary War. But far lesshas been known about Mrs. Obamas roots even by the first lady herself. Growing up onthe South Side of Chicago, it was sort ofpassed-down folklore that so-and-so was re-lated to so-and-so and their mother and fa-ther was a slave, Mr. Robinson said.6. Drawing on old census data, familyrecords and interviews, it is clear that Mrs.Obama is indeed the descendant of slavesand a daughter of the Great Migration, themass movement of African-Americans north-ward in the first half of the 20th century insearch of opportunity. Mrs. Obamas fam-ily found it, but not without outsize meas-ures of adversity and disappointment alongthe way.

    Classroom values7. For all of the vast differences in the

    Obama and Robinson histories, a few com-mon threads run through. Education is oneof them. As a young man, Mr. Obamas fa-ther herded goats, then won a scholarshipto study in the Kenyan capital. When Mr.Obama lived in Indonesia as a child, hismother woke him up at 4 a.m. for Englishlessons; meanwhile, in Chicago, Mrs.Obamas mother was bringing home mathand reading workbooks so her childrenwould always be a few lessons ahead inschool.8. The families also share a kind of adven-turous self-determination. In the standardtelling, the Obama side is the one that bentthe rules of geography and ethnicity. Yet thefirst ladys family, the supposed South Sidetraditionalists, includes several memberswho literally or figuratively ventured farfrom home.

    9. In daring cross-cultural leaps, no figurequite matches Stanley Ann Dunham Soe-toro, Mr. Obamas mother. As a universitystudent in Honolulu, she hung out at theEast-West Center, a cultural exchange or-ganization, meeting two successive hus-bands there: Barack Obama, an econom-ics student from Kenya, and later, LoloSoetoro, an Indonesian. Decades later, herdaughter Maya Soetoro was picking upfliers at the same East-West Center whenshe noticed Konrad Ng, a Chinese-Cana-dian student, now her husband.

    A new America10. Now the Obama-Robinson familys

    move to the White House seems like a sym-bolic end point for the once-firm idea thatpeople of different backgrounds should notdate, marry or bear children. In Mr. Obamaslifetime, racial intermarriage not only be-came legal everywhere in the United States,but has started to flourish.

    Aside from a top-qualityeducation, the new presidentcame to politics with none ofhis predecessorsadvantages.

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  • VOCABLE HORS-SRIE 15

    I n December in Pakistan, Central Intelli-gence Agency sharpshooters killed eightpeople suspected of being militants of theTaliban and al-Qaida, and wounded two oth-ers in a compound that was said to be usedfor terrorist training. Then, the job in NorthWaziristan done, the CIA officers could headhome from the agencys Langley, Va., head-quarters, facing only the hazards of the areasfamously snarled suburban traffic. It wasonly a strike by the agencys covert programto kill operatives of al-Qaida, the Taliban andtheir allies using Hellfire missiles fired fromPredator aircraft controlled from half a worldaway.

    Chasing havens from the sky 2. By increasing covert pressure on al-

    Qaida and its allies in Pakistan, while groundforces push back the Talibans advances inAfghanistan, U.S. officials hope to eliminateany haven for militants in the region. Oneof Washingtons worst-kept secrets, the droneprogram is quietly hailed by counterterror-ism officials as a resounding success, elim-inating key terrorists and throwing their op-

    erations into disarray. But despite close co-operation from Pakistani intelligence, theprogram has generated public anger in Pak-istan, and some counterinsurgency expertswonder whether it does more harm thangood.3. Tom Parker, policy director for countert-errorism at Amnesty International, said hisgroup was uneasy with drone attacks: Any-thing that dehumanizes the process makesit easier to pull the trigger. Yet with fewother tools to use against al-Qaida, the droneprogram has enjoyed bipartisan support inCongress and was escalated by the Obamaadministration in January last year. More CIAdrone attacks have been conducted duringObamas administration than during that ofPresident George Bush. The political con-sensus in support of the drone program, itsantiseptic, high-technology appeal and itssecrecy have obscured just how radical itis. For the first time in history, a civilian in-telligence agency is using robots to carry outa military mission, selecting people forkillings in a country where the United Statesis not officially at war.

    Drones in PakistanFRAPPES TELECOMMANDEES. En dcembre dernier, la Maison-Blanche a autoris la CIA tendre lutilisationcontroverse des drones (avions sans pilote) de lAfghanistan au Pakistan pour combattre les talibans et les membresdAl-Qada. Selon Washington, ceux-ci ont reconstitu leurs forces dans les zones tribales pakistanaises

    h

    intelligence services secrets, renseignements/ sharpshooter tireur dlite / to woundblesser / compound enceinte / trainingentranement / Va. = Virginia / headquar-ters (inv.) quartier gnral / hazard risque,danger / area rgion / snarled embouteill /strike frappe / covert secret / operative agent/ to fire tirer / aircraft (inv.) appareil, avion.

    2. to chase pourchasser / haven abri, refuge/ to increase accrotre / ground sol, ici ter-restre / to push back repousser / worst-keptle moins bien tenu / quietly discrtement / tohail saluer / resounding retentissant / keycl, important / to throw, threw, thrown intodisarray dsorganiser (compltement) / angercolre / counterinsurgency contre-insurrec-tion / to wonder se demander / harm mal,tort.

    3. uneasy mal laise, inquiet / processprocessus / to pull the trigger appuyer sur ladtente / tool instrument, outil, ici moyen /bipartisan des deux partis politiques (rpub-licain et dmocrate) / to escalate intensifier/ antiseptic propre / appeal attrait, intrt /to obscure masquer, occulter.

    Drones in PakistanDes drones au Pakistan

    THE NEW YORK TIMES BY SCOTT SHANE

    Predator aerial vehicles at General Atomics, a defense contractor,in Poway, Calif., last year. (JIM WILSON/THE NEW YORK TIMES)

    i

    TECHNOLOGIE [ NIVEAU 3 ]

    15-16-HS-Steph:A LA UNE 2 3/03/10 15:43 Page 15

  • 4. warfare guerre / to pioneer initier, inau-

    gurer, lancer / leading edge pointe, aspect

    le plus sophistiqu / wave vague, srie / push-

    button presse-bouton / to raise soulever, sus-

    citer / legal juridique / scholar expert,

    spcialiste / to wire relier, connecter, wired

    informatis.

    5. so far jusqu prsent / unmanned sans

    pilote.

    6. warheads on foreheads attaque (ari-

    enne) massive contre les insurgs / vernacu-

    lar langue vernaculaire, jargon / disruptive

    perturbateur / to remove supprimer / fighter

    combattant / to sow, sowed, sowed or sown

    semer / to hunt for chasser, rechercher / spy

    espion / to tip off renseigner / to acknowl-

    edge reconnatre (officiellement) / poll

    sondage / to rank classer / threat menace /

    archrival ennemi de toujours.

    7. to muddy troubler, brouiller / to vow jurer

    / prominent minent, principal, important /

    target cible / casualty victime.

    8. spokesman porte-parole / fight combat /

    accurate prcis, exact / effective efficace /

    somehow dune manire ou dune autre /

    to allege prtendre, prsumer / to state non-

    cer / obvious manifeste, vident / flat-out

    totalement.

    A new form of war4. The drone warfare pioneered by the

    CIA in Pakistan and the Air Force in Iraq andAfghanistan is the leading edge of a wave ofpush-button combat that will raise legal,moral and political questions around theworld, said P.W. Singer, a scholar at theBrookings Institution and author of the bookWired for War.5. Forty-four countries have unmanned air-craft for surveillance, Singer said. So far onlythe United States and Israel have used themfor strikes, but that number will grow.Were talking about a technology thats notgoing away, he said.

    6. There is little doubt that warheads onforeheads, in the vernacular of intelligenceofficers, have been disruptive to the militantsin Pakistan, removing leaders and fighters,slowing movement and sowing dissensionas survivors hunt for spies who may be tip-ping off the Americans. Yet the drones areunpopular with many Pakistanis, who seethem as a violation of their countrys sov-ereignty one reason the United States re-fuses to officially acknowledge the attacks.

    A poll by Gallup Pakistan last summer foundonly 9 percent of Pakistanis in favor of theattacks and 67 percent against, with a ma-jority ranking the United States as a greaterthreat to Pakistan than its archrival, India,or the Pakistani Taliban.

    Is it legal?7. Pakistans public criticism of the

    drone attacks has muddied the legal sta-tus of the strikes, which U.S. officials sayare justified as defensive measures againstgroups that have vowed to attack Ameri-cans. Philip Alston, the U.N. special rap-porteur for extrajudicial executions anda prominent critic of the program, hassaid it is impossible to judge whether theprogram violates international law with-out knowing whether Pakistan permitsthe incursions, how targets are selectedand what is done to minimize civilian ca-sualties.8. A spokesman for the CIA, Paul Gimigliano,defended the program without quite ac-knowledging its existence. While the CIAdoes not comment on reports of Predator op-erations, the tools we use in the fight againstal-Qaida and its violent allies are exception-ally accurate, precise and effective, he said.Press reports suggesting that hundreds ofPakistani civilians have somehow been killedas a result of alleged or supposed U.S. activ-ities are to state what should be obviousunder any circumstances flat-out false.

    More CIA drone attacks havebeen conducted duringObamas administration thanduring that of President Bush.

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  • 18 VOCABLE HORS SRIE

    The GeneralLA TETE FROIDE. Le rdacteur en chef de Newsweek sest entretenu la fin de lanne dernire avec le gnral DavidPetraeus, la tte du commandement central supervisant les oprations en Irak et en Afghanistan. Une rencontre cordialeavec un homme dont lavis compte beaucoup Washington.

    The general whose surge turned thetide in Iraqand who aims to do thesame in Afghanistanmay hold thefate of Obamas presidency in his hands.

    2. ZAKARIA: In 2003, after the fall of Bagh-dad, you were placed in northern Iraq, inMosul, commanding the 101st Airborne Di-vision. And you decided that you needed tofight the war in a different way.PETRAEUS: It was very clear early on thatwe, the military, were going to have to dothe nation building. People occasionallyask, What were the big decisions youmade in Iraq? The biggest decision Imade early on in Iraq that I announcedto a little bit of stunned silence from thecommanderswas that we [were] goingto do nation building.

    3. Using those words? Because the Bush ad-ministration up to that point had specificallydenounced nation building. CondoleezzaRice wrote an article in Foreign Affairs sayingthat the 82nd Airborne should not be as-sisting kids to go to school.Using those words. As a card-carryingmember of the Council on Foreign Rela-tions, with my Foreign Affairs subscrip-tion up to date, I was keenly aware of theRice essay, but I had done a fair amountof nation building during my life in var-ious forms: Central America, in Haiti asa chief of operations for the U.N. forcethere, in the Balkans.

    4. When President Obama talked about Af-ghanistan in his Dec. 1 speech, he didnt ad-vocate nation building. When I and a few

    others had lunch with him, he specificallysaid, Were not going to do nation buil-ding. Certainly we are doing elements of na-tion building [in Afghanistan]. Its in-escapable. In a counterinsurgency cam-paign, even one that is more narrowlyfocused as a result of this process [of re-viewing the U.S. strategy inAfghanistan], inevitably you are goingto perform tasks that are elements of na-tion building. It might be more effectiveif we just, out loud, said, Were not try-ing to turn Afghanistan into Switzerland;were not trying to make it into an ad-vanced, Western, industrialized democ-racy in the next few years. What the pres-ident is trying to convey is, again,limitations on our aspirations, and whatit is were trying to accomplish. I thinkthats reasonable. One of the outcomes ofthis presidential review was a pretty re-alistic appraisal of what is possible, whatis doable; and that should be an impor-tant element that informs ones strategy.I really support the presidents decision.I think that what he is trying to convey,having had the benefit of 10 multiple-hour sessions and the final session in theOval Office with him, is that there are dis-tinct limits on our activities, and distinctlimits on our goals and objectives forAfghanistan.

    5. Why have you not been able to peel offelements of the insurgency in Afghanistanas you did in Iraq? One of the findings of CentComs strate-gic assessment of Afghanistan was that

    ENTRETIEN [ NIVEAU 2 ]

    surge dploiement de forces supplmentairesen Irak au dbut de 2007 (surge vague, dfer-lante) / to turn the tide inverser la mare, iciinverser la situation / to aim viser, chercher ()/ fate sort, destin.

    2. airborne aroport / to fight, fought,fought a war mener une guerre / stunnedstupfait.

    3. specifically prcisment / to denouncednoncer, critiquer, condamner / card-carry-ing adhrent / subscription abonnement /up to date jour / to be keenly aware ofconnatre parfaitement / a fair amount ofpas mal de.

    4. to advocate soutenir, prner, dfendre /inescapable invitable / counterinsurgencycontre-insurrection / narrowly troitement,prcisment / focused cibl / process proces-sus / to review rviser, revoir / to performaccomplir / task tche / effective efficace /out loud tout haut / to convey vhiculer, trans-mettre, ici exprimer / reasonable honnte,valable / outcome rsultat, consquence /review tude, examen, analyse (critique) /pretty assez / appraisal apprciation / doablefaisable / goal but, dessein.

    5. to peel off ter, supprimer / findings con-clusions / CentCom =Central Command /assessment valuation /

    The General

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    NEWSWEEK BY FAREED ZAKARIA

    18-19-HS-Steph:A LA UNE 2 3/03/10 15:47 Page 18

  • intelligence services secrets, renseignements

    / effectively efficacement / obviously mani-

    festement / to enable permettre.

    6. to underlie, lay, lain sous-tendre, tre sous-

    jacent / decent convenable, bon / con-

    gressional du Congrs / slide diapositive /

    qualified comptent, qualifi, diplm, gale-

    ment mitig, rserv / to strip off supprimer

    / in the grip of sous lemprise de / militia mil-

    ice / to endeavor (US)= endeavour (GB) sef-

    forcer / challenging difficile / to assess valuer

    / challenge dfi, ici difficult, problme.

    7. to be worth valoir, mriter / expenditure

    dpense / serviceman soldat.

    we did not have the nuanced under-standing and the robust intelligence-analysis capacity of the insurgency thatwe developed in Iraq. To pursue recon-ciliation effectively, you really need bigideas, the right concepts and policies, andobviously in Afghanistan, [we] had toagree with the Afghan government. Thenyou have to have structures and resourcesthat can enable this process to happen

    6. You say youre not an optimist, but a rea-list. But underlying your conception of whatis possible is an enormous amount of op-timism about the role the United States canplay in creating the possibilities for peaceand a decent government. When I was a commander as a three-starof the Multi-National Security TransitionCommandIraq, we used to have con-gressional delegations come over all thetimeI mean, almost two or three aweekand they kept asking, Are you op-

    timistic? So I finally developed a slideand it said, I AM A QUALIFIED OPTIMIST.And then I listed the qualifications. Well,what happened is theyd come back andsay, Petraeus is optimistic, and theystripped off the nuance. After that, thatwas constantly thrown back at me as Iraqdeteriorated: You were an optimist andnow the security forces you developed arein the grip of the militias, or this or that.So I think it is just best to say Im a re-alist. The reality is that Afghanistan ishard; it is hard all the time, and what weare endeavoring to do is going to be very,very challenging. As Gen. [Stanley] Mc-Chrystal said, The situation is serious,but the mission is doable. I do agree withthat, but I do that in a way that is coldlyrealistic, that assesses the challenges andhow difficult the tasks are.

    7. If I were to say to you: 100,000 troops inAfghanistan, still 120,000 in Iraq. Is thisworth the enormous expenditure, first andmost important, in terms of the lives of ourservicemen but also in budgetary terms? Isthis something that is in our national in-terest to pursue at this cost?If I didnt believe that, I obviously would-nt recommend or support what it is thatwere doing.

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    Were not trying to turnAfghanistan into Switzerland;were not trying to make itinto an advanced, Western,industrialized democracy.

    In 2008, Gen David H. Petraeus greetedSen. Barack Obama at BaghdadInternational Airport.(SSG LORIE JEWELL/US ARMY/MCT)

    i

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  • 20 VOCABLE HORS-SRIE

    Army saves Afghan boystricken with tetanus UNE BELLE HISTOIRE. Mourant, atteint dune maladie impossible diagnostiquer sur place, cet enfant afghan navait qua-siment aucune chance de sen sortir. Heureusement, les moyens mis en uvre par larme britannique ont permis de le sau-ver. En Afghanistan, il nexiste aucune campagne de vaccination contre le ttanos

    T he six-year-old boy was in severe pain, hisbody wracked with muscular spasms andrunning a burning high temperature.The medics at the remote American patrolbase in the wilds of southern Afghanistan werenot sure what he was suffering from, and hischances of survival were rated at no more than10 per cent. Rahmadullah was airlifted to theBritish-run hospital at Camp Bastion in Hel-mand with his condition deteriorating rap-idly. He had contracted pneumonia and waslapsing in and out of consciousness. After ex-tensive tests, doctors diagnosed that he hadbeen infected with tetanus, a disease very rarein the West but still lethal in poorer countries. 2. The treatment Rahmadullah received savedhis life and he is now back at his home, southof Garmsir in Helmand near the Pakistani bor-der. His father Neknazar, a farmer, who hadcarried his son in the desperate journey to thepatrol base and then on to Bastion, said: I sawmy son getting weaker and coughing. I tookhim to local Afghan doctors and they couldnot do anything, and anyway I had no moremoney to spend on them. Then we went to thebase where they told me just how ill he was.

    A miracle3. The tetanus had developed from a small

    cut in Rahmadullahs foot which had becameinfected. There is no vaccination programmecurrently operating in Afghanistan. Rah-madullah needed prolonged medical care, andhis father had to return to gather the harvestat his farm. The boy was lonely, he said, butslowly began to build up a rapport with the

    SANT [ NIVEAU 2 ]

    he was in severe pain il souffrait atrocement

    / to wrack ravager, martyriser, ici secouer /

    medic mdecin / remote recul, isol, loign

    / in the wilds of au fin fond de / to rate val-

    uer / to airlift vacuer, transporter par pont

    arien / condition tat / to lapse in and out

    of consciousness avoir des pertes de con-

    science / extensive important, de toutes

    sortes / disease maladie / lethal mortel.

    2. border frontire / journey voyage, priple

    / weak faible / to cough tousser / ill malade.

    3. currently actuellement / care soins / to

    gather the harvest faire la moisson / lonely

    solitaire /

    Army saves Afghan boy strickenwith tetanusLarme sauve un enfant afghanatteint du ttanos

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    THE INDEPENDENT BY KIM SENGUPTA

    Rahmadullah spent more than twoweeks at the hospital where medicalstaff were said to have become 'veryattached' to him. (MOD/PA WIRE)

    i

    20-21-HS-Steph:A LA UNE 2 3/03/10 15:49 Page 20

  • VOCABLE HORS-SRIE 21

    liking got / bourbon biscuit biscuit au choco-lat fourr de crme au chocolat / cartoondessin anim / landlocked enclav / tofrighten effrayer / shark requin.

    4. nurse infirmire / to be unsure ne passavoir exactement / while moment, certaintemps / rollercoaster montagnes russes, icivolution en dents de scie / eventually finale-ment / recovery rtablissement, gurison.

    5. wheelchair fauteuil roulant / rewardinggratifiant / healthcare (soins de) sant.

    6. Muslim musulman / cleric religieux / facil-ity installation, infrastructure / to abduct kid-napper, enlever / measles rougeole / eligiblepouvant (en) bnficier / to come, came,come forward se prsenter.

    7. area zone, rgion / safe sr, sans danger /scheme projet, plan, programme / ill-informed mal inform / plainly manifeste-ment, clairement.

    staff and soon developed a great liking forbourbon biscuits and watching cartoons onthe television. Coming from a landlockedcountry, he found the film Finding Nemo par-ticularly fascinating, but was frightened bythe sharks.4. Major Sue Snaith, a reservist who is a spe-cialist paediatric oncology nurse at LondonsGreat Ormond Street Hospital, said: Rah-madullah has been one of our miracles. At firstwe were unsure what we were treating, be-cause none of us had ever come across tetanusbefore in our clinical careers. For a while hewould get better then regress it was a realrollercoaster. He eventually woke up and madea good recovery.5. When Rahmadullah began to get better,he would call for his dad all the time. To keephim occupied I would push him around out-side the hospital in a wheelchair. It has beenreally rewarding for the staff to see him getbetter, knowing he would not have survivedin his own healthcare system.

    Vaccination6. Although there are no immunisation

    programmes against tetanus inAfghanistan at the moment, they have beencarried out in the past. There was, however,opposition to vaccination from some Mus-lim clerics, and the Taliban attacked healthfacilities and abducted medical staff. Mo-hammed Aziz, an official with the Afghanhealth ministry, said: We had a tetanusand measles campaign in southernAfghanistan [where the Taliban are partic-ularly active] but less than 50 per cent ofeligible mothers came forward. 7. Women in traditional areas do not wantto appear in front of male doctors, and we sim-ply do not have enough female vaccinators. Itis often not safe to take part in these schemes the insurgents have kidnapped doctors andnurses. We had some ill-informed religiousleaders who have said such vaccinations areagainst Islam, which is plainly the wrong in-terpretation of our religion.

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    ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES

    FOR POLICE, BORDER GUARDS AND CUSTOMS OFFICERS

    www.macmillanenglish.com/aviationenglish

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    nt France.02

    20-21-HS-Steph:A LA UNE 2 3/03/10 15:49 Page 21

  • 22 VOCABLE HORS SRIE

    Wir leben Europa seit20 Jahren20E ANNIVERSAIRE. Le 2 octobre 1989 Bblingen, en Allemagne, tait cre officiellement la brigade franco-alle-mande (BFA), une grande unit militaire binationale forme de troupes des deux anciens pays ennemis. Commece fut le cas pour la cration de lUnion europenne, il a dabord fallu que des personnes de diffrentes nationa-lits apprennent vivre ensemble, en surmontant toutes les difficults qui se prsentaient ...

    7 30 Uhr, Ausgabe der Befehle des Tages.Die Stabskompanie ist angetreten,etwa 300 Mnner und Frauen. Eine et-was verfrorene Gruppe Franzosen in kurzenschwarzen Sporthosen, eine in deutschenUniformen, dann wieder franzsische Uni-formen. Morgen, Kompanie, brllt derSpie. Morgen, Spie, brllt die Kompa-nie. Der Spie gibt die Auftrge durch, seinStellvertreter wiederholt auf Franzsisch.Ganz normaler Alltag in der Deutsch-Fran-zsischen Brigade.

    Viele Fragen2. Wir leben Europa schon seit 20 Jah-

    ren, sagt Informationsfeldwebel Lars Fi-scher, und in seiner Stimme schwingt Stolz

    mit. Das ist nicht immer ganz einfach ge-wesen denn die Brigademitglieder der ers-ten Stunde hatten sich ihr Vorreitertumnicht unbedingt ausgesucht. Ich war einschwbischer Wald- und Wiesenoffizier, er-innert sich Stabsfeldwebel Markus Lenecke,so wie wir fast alle. Lenecke war Soldatin der Heimatschutzbrigade 55 in Bblingen,die 1989 aufgelst wurde, um in der deutsch-franzsischen Brigade aufzugehen. Fr dieehemaligen Heimatschtzer war derSchritt zu einer binationalen Einheit nichtgerade klein Einzugsbereich der Einheitwar Stuttgart und Umgebung gewesen,kaum einer sprach Franzsisch. Das warnicht jedermanns Sache. Aber wir haben unsalle bemht, sagt Lenecke.

    BRIGADE FRANCO-ALLEMANDE [ NIVEAU 2 ]

    die Ausgabe la distribution / der Befehl(e) lordre,

    la consigne / die Stabskompanie la compagnie

    dtat-major / an-treten(a,e,i) se mettre en rangs

    / verfroren frigorifi / brllen gueuler, hurler /

    der Spie le chef de section / die Auftrge durch-

    geben donner les ordres / der Stellvertreter lad-

    joint / wiederholen rpter / der Alltag le

    quotidien.

    2. der Feldwebel le sergent-chef / die Stimme la

    voix / mit-schwingen(a,u) transpercer / der Stolz

    la fiert / das Mitglied(er) le membre / sich etw

    aus-suchen choisir qqch / das Vorreitertum le

    rle de pionnier / nicht unbedingt pas forc-

    ment / schwbisch souabe / Wald- und Wie-

    sen- ordinaire / der Stabsfeldwebel ladjudant /

    der Heimatschutz la protection du territoire

    national / auf-lsen dissoudre / in auf-gehen

    tre intgr / ehemalig ancien / der Schritt

    zu le passage / nicht gerade pas prcisment,

    vraiment / der Einzugsbereich la rgion (de pro-

    venance) / die Einheit lunit / die Umgebung les

    environs / nicht jedermanns Sache sein ne pas

    tre laffaire, la porte de tout le monde / sich

    bemhen faire des efforts.

    Wir leben Europa seit 20 JahrenNous vivons lEurope depuis 20 ans

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    BADISCHE ZEITUNG VON KATHARINA MEYER

    Die Deutsch-Franzsische Brigade (1993). (ALAIN BUU/EYEDEA PRESSE)i

    .

    22-23-HS-Steph:A LA UNE 2 4/03/10 12:55 Page 22

  • VOCABLE HORS SRIE 23

    3. der Einzug lentre, larrive / doppelt besetztwerden tre occup par deux personnes, dou-bl / klren claircir / bedeuten signifier, cor-respondre / der Vorgesetzte le suprieur / derWein(e) le vin / erlauben permettre / das Dienst-recht le rglement de service / bis dahin jus-qualors / die Waffe l arme / Wacheschieben(o,o) monter la garde / Anspruch aufetw haben avoir droit qqch / weshalb raisonpour laquelle / zu zweit zusammen-rcken seserrer deux.

    4. ein-ziehen(o,o) faire son entre / das Aha-Erlebnis la rvlation, la dcouverte soudaine /damals lpoque / unbekmmert insouciant /der Wasch raum(e) le cabinet de toilette, lasalle deau / zusammen-brechen(a,o,i) scrou-ler / das Neuland le terrain inconnu / die Auf-stellung la mise en place / die Indienststellungla mise en service / ganz gro raus-kommenfaire les gros titres.

    5. das ist ein alter Hut cest une vieille rengaine,affaire / weiblich fminin / dienen servir / ohne -hin de toute faon / der Bericht(e) le reportage/ die Bundeswehr larme de la RFA / grinsenfaire un grand sourire.

    6. einiges un certain nombre de choses / sichan etw gewhnen shabituer qqch / gezieltde faon prcise / trotzdem malgr cela / ehe-malig ancien / die Poststelle le bureau de poste/ vorher auparavant / zwar certes / sich Gedan-ken machen sinquiter / die Umstellung le chan-gement / rein purement / der Erbseneintopfplat unique compos de petits pois et de saucisse/ das Kassler cte de porc sale et fume / dieLinse la lentille / eine Weile un moment / derKoch(e) le cuisinier / das Jgerbataillon lebataillon de chasseurs / das Gericht(e) le plat /zu-bereiten prparer.

    7. das Zusammenwachsen le rapprochement /verdienen gagner / stetig permanent / das Hin-und Hertauschen les conversions incessantes /klagen dplorer / einer Sache nur Positives ab-gewinnen(a,o) ne voir que des cts positifs qqch / der Einsatz lengagement, la mission /die Brderlichkeit la fraternit / die Bevlke-rung la population / als en tant que.

    8. sich unterscheiden(ie,ie) tre diffrent / derUmgang mit lapproche de / das Militr larme/ sich einer Sache verschlieen(o,o) se fermer qqch / der Verband la formation / eine Feldpa-rade ab-halten(ie,a,) effectuer une parade mili-taire / der Zweite Weltkrieg la Deuxime Guerremondiale / der Kriegsgegner le pacifiste / geradeprcisment / der Schritt(e) la dmarche / dieJubilumsfeier la clbration du jubil / an-set-zen tre / die Hauptkritik la critique principale /grundstzlich fondamental / an einer Sache teil-nehmen prendre part qqch / der Auslands-einsatz(e) la mission, lopration ltranger.

    20 JAHRE DEUTSCH-FRANZSISCHEBRIGADEdas Kernstck le cur / die Aufstellung la miseen place / knapp peine / in Dienst stellenmettre en service / die Mauer le Mur.

    3. Mit dem Einzug der Franzosen wurden allePosten doppelt besetzt. Viele Fragen musstengeklrt werden: Was bedeutet welcher Rang?Wie hat man mit einem franzsischen Vorge-setzten zu reden? Ist Weintrinken beim Mit-tagessen knftig erlaubt oder verboten? Auchdas Dienstrecht: Franzosen hatten bis dahinohne Waffe Wache geschoben, Deutsche mit.Franzsische Sergeanten hatten Anspruch aufmehr Wohnflche. Aber so viel Platz gab esnicht, weshalb die deutschen Unteroffiziere zuzweit zusammenrcken mussten. Alles mussteneu geregelt, neu gefunden werden.

    Neuland: Frauen4. Noch eine andere Sache zog mit den

    Franzosen neu in Bblingen ein: Frauen. Daswar mein Aha-Erlebnis mit der Brigade, er-zhlt Lenecke lachend. Am Wochenende gingder damals 19-Jhrige unbekmmert in dieWaschrume da stand schon eine Frau unterder Dusche. Da ist meine Welt zusammen-gebrochen, das war vlliges Neuland. Solda-tinnen! In Bblingen! Zu Beginn war das einekleine Sensation. Colette Herre war eine vondrei Soldatinnen, die im Aufstellungsstab dieIndienststellung der Brigade vorbereiteten. AlleZeitungen wollten sie sprechen, erzhlt dieFranzsin, die heute als Sekretrin fr die Bri-gade arbeitet. Und dann kam das ganz groraus. Kein Foto des Kommandanten, sondernvon uns. Das Bild habe ich heute noch.5. Frauen in der Armee, fr die Franzosen istdas ein alter Hut. 13 Prozent weibliche Solda-ten dienen auf franzsischer Seite in der Bri-gade, auf deutscher Seite sind es nur fnf Pro-zent. Erlaubt sind sie in der Bundeswehrohnehin erst seit 2001. Vor zwei Wochen erstgab es groe Berichte darber, dass es jetzt dieersten weiblichen Kompaniechefs in der Bun-deswehr gibt, erzhlt Lars Fischer und grinst:Wir haben das hier schon lange.

    Rein deutsche Kche6. Auch die franzsische Seite hatte eini-

    ges, an das es sich zu gewhnen galt. MustaphaBensaid hatte gezielt nach der DFB gefragt,nachdem sein franzsisches Regiment inDeutschland 1992 geschlossen wurde. Trotz-dem: Am Anfang waren wir sehr skeptisch,erzhlt der ehemalige Caporal-Chef, der heutein der Poststelle arbeitet. Vorher war man zwarin Deutschland, aber entre nous gewesen.Wir haben uns Gedanken gemacht, was man

    hier wohl zu Essen kriegen wird. Das musswirklich eine Umstellung gewesen sein: DieTruppenkche war rein deutsch, es gab Erb-seneintopf, Kassler, Linsen, erinnert sich Len-ecke. Es dauerte eine Weile, bis die deutschenKche vom Jgerbataillon gelernt hatten, auchfranzsische Gerichte zuzubereiten.

    Ein Symbole magnifique7. Mit dem Zusammenwachsen Europas ist

    auch das Leben in der Brigade leichter gewor-den. In Deutschland wohnen und Francs ver-dienen es sei ein stetiges Hin- und Hertau-schen gewesen, klagt Bensaid. Der Euro hatuns sehr geholfen. Bensaid kann der Brigadenur Positives abgewinnen: Es ist ein symbolemagnifique, im Einsatz einen gemeinsamenChef zu haben. Er spricht von groer Brder-lichkeit innerhalb der Brigade. Auch die Ak-zeptanz in der Bevlkerung sei als Teil der DFBeine andere.8. Deutsche und franzsische Militrtraditionunterscheiden sich sehr. Dem anderen Umgangmit dem Militr im Nachbarland hat sich dieBrigade nicht verschlossen: So hat der Verbanddie erste Feldparade nach dem zweiten Welt-krieg in Deutschland abgehalten, in Malms-heim. Es hat uns gut getan, mit den Franzo-sen zusammenzugehen, sagt Lenecke. Manlernt daraus. Kriegsgegner in Deutschland se-hen gerade diese Schritte kritisch. Bestes Bei-spiel waren die Debatten im Frhjahr 2009 inMllheim, als die Brigade zur Jubilumsfeiersingend durch die Stadt marschieren wollte.Dabei setzt die Hauptkritik der Friedensakti-visten noch grundstzlicher an, sie sind da-gegen, dass Deutschland wieder an Auslands-einstzen teilnimmt.

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    20 Jahre Deutsch-Franzsische Brigade

    Die Deutsch-Franzsische Brigade ist seit 20 Jahren

    das Kernstck der bilateralen militrischen Zusam-

    menarbeit beider Nationen. Am 13. November 1987

    entschieden der deutsche Bundeskanzler Helmut

    Kohl und Staatsprsident Francois Mitterrand die

    Aufstellung einer gemeinsamen Brigade. Schon

    knapp zwei Jahre spter wurde sie am 2. Oktober

    1989 in Bblingen in Dienst gestellt. Fnf Wochen

    spter fiel in Berlin die Mauer.

    22-23-HS-Steph:A LA UNE 2 3/03/10 15:51 Page 23

  • GEDENKEN AN GEFALLENEBUNDESPRSIDENT HORST KHLER hat im September vergangenen Jahres in Berlin dasEhrenmal fr gefallene Bundeswehrsoldaten eingeweiht. In seiner Rede erinnerte der Bundesprsident

    an die rund 3100 Soldaten, die seit 1955 ums Leben kamen. Das Ehrenmal sei eine Sttte der Trauer,

    des Dankes und der Erinnerung an diejenigen, die im Dienst fr unser Land ihr Leben gegeben haben,

    erklrte Khler. Die Gedenksttte trgt die Inschrift Den Toten unserer Bundeswehr. Fr Frieden, Recht

    und Freiheit. Khler erinnerte daran, dass die Bundeswehr sich nach dem Fall des Eisernen Vorhangs

    zu einer Armee im Einsatz gewandelt hat.

    das Gedenken an la commmoration de / der Gefallene le soldat mort la guerre / das Ehrenmal(e/er) le monu-ment aux morts / ein-weihen inaugurer / die Rede le discours / ums Leben kommen perdre la vie / die Sttte lelieu / die Trauer la tristesse, le deuil / im Dienst en service / die Gedenksttte le mmorial / die Inschrift linscription/ der Frieden la paix / das Recht le droit, la justice / sich zu wandeln se transformer en / der Fall la chute / derEiserne Vorhang le rideau de fer / im Einsatz qui effectue des missions, actif.

    MEHR FRAUENBEI DERBUNDESWEHRDIE ANZAHL DER SOLDATINNEN inder Bundeswehr hat sich seit 2001mehr als verdreifacht, berichtete DieWelt Anfang des Jahres. Rund 17 000und damit etwa neun Prozent allerBerufs- und Zeitsoldaten sind Frauen.380 Soldatinnen befinden sichgegenwrtig in Auslandseinstzen.Den hchsten Frauenanteil in derArmee haben die USA. die Bundeswehr larme de la RFA / sich verdreifachen

    tripler / berichten rapporter / der Zeitsoldat(en) len-

    gag / sich befinden se trouver / gegenwrtig actuelle-

    ment / der Auslands einsatz(e) la mission ltranger /

    der Anteil la proportion.

    VOM MAJORZUM MANAGER

    THOMAS ENDERS,51, STUDIERTEPOLITOLOGIE,Geschichte undVolkswirtschaft inBonn und LosAngeles. Er wurdein Neuschlade im

    Westerwald geboren. SeinenWehrdienst leistete Enders bei denFallschirmspringern. Spter stieg erzum Major der Reserve auf. Nach demStudium arbeitete er im Planungsstabdes Verteidigungsministeriums. 1991wechselte Enders in die Industrie zurDeutschen Aerospace AG (Dasa). Dorttrieb er die Grndung deseuropischen Luft- undRaumfahrtkonzern EADS mit voran. ImSommer 2005 wurde er Co-Chef vonEADS. Seit Abschaffung derDoppelspitze fhrt er dieFlugzeugtochter Airbus. (Die Welt) die Volkswirtschaft lconomie politique / seinen Wehrdienstleisten effectuer son service militaire / der Fallschirmsprin-ger le parachutiste / zu auf-steigen(ie,ie) slever jusquaugrade de / der Planungsstab ltat-major de planification/ die Verteidigung la dfense / wechseln changer, passer / mitvoran-treiben(ie,ie) tre lun de ceux qui ont encourag / dieGrndung la cration / der Luft- und Raumfahrtkonzern legroupe aronautique et astronautique / die Abschaffung lasuppression / die Doppelspitze la direction deux ttes / dieTochter la filiale.

    EN BREF

    (IMAG

    O TH

    OMAS

    FRE

    Y)

    Willkommenzu Hause

    D ie seelische Erkrankung vonSoldaten, die aus Auslands-einstzen zurckkehrenschien lange ein Tabu in den

    Streitkrften zu sein. Seit der

    deutsche Fernsehfilm Willkom-

    men zu Hause im Februar 2009

    gezeigt wurde, hat sich das gen-

    dert. Der mehrfach ausgezeich-

    nete TV-Film erzhlt die Geschichte

    des Soldaten Ben (Ken Duken,

    Foto), der bei seinem Afghanistan-

    Einsatz einen Bombenanschlag mit

    Toten und Verletzten erlebt hat

    und sich nach seiner Heimkehr in

    die Pfalz dort nicht mehr zurecht-

    findet. Ulrike Folkerts spielt da-

    rin die rztin Lona, der sich der

    traumatisierte Soldat Ben schlie-

    lich anvertraut. die seelische Erkrankung la maladie psychique / der Aus-

    landseinsatz(e) la mission ltranger / die Streitkrfte

    larme / mehrfach ausgezeichnet plusieurs fois rcom-

    pens / der Bombenanschlag(e) lattentat la bombe

    / der Verletzte le bless / erleben assister / sich zurecht-

    finden retrouver sa place / die Heimkehr le retour au

    pays / die Pfalz le Palatinat / sich jdm an-vertrauen se

    confier, souvrir qqn.

    24 VOCABLE HORS SRIE

    (P.PI

    EL/G

    AMM

    A/EY

    EDEA

    PRE

    SSE)

    (IMAG

    O/ST

    EPHA

    N G

    RLIC

    H)

    24-HS-Steph:30-ON EN PARLE 3/03/10 15:53 Page 24

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  • 26 VOCABLE HORS SRIE

    La autoridad se tiene, y elliderazgo se ganaUNE FEMME DHONNEUR Patricia Ortega est la premire femme avoir intgr lacadmie militaire espagnole en 1988 etcest maintenant la premire femme lieutenant-colonel des forces armes. A 46 ans, cette femme, ingnieur agronome, mrede trois enfants, revient sur son parcours tonnant.

    L uce desde hace varios meses dos estre-llas de ocho puntas en los hombros desu chaqueta. Patricia Ortega Garca (Ma-drid, 1963) es la primera teniente coronel deEspaa. Es la mujer que ms alto ha llegadoen la historia de las Fuerzas Armadas de Es-paa (FAS), que emplean en la actualidad a16.400 mujeres (el 12% de sus efectivos). Sunombramiento reconoce a esta ingeniera delEjrcito de Tierra los mritos para ocupar uncargo que hasta ahora slo alcanzaban hom-bres.2. No es la primera vez que Ortega es pionera.En 1988, cuando el Ejrcito abri sus puer-tas en Espaa a las mujeres, tom la decisinde abandonar la vida civil y entr, junto a otrassiete compaeras, en la Academia Militar deZaragoza. Fue la primera mujer en licenciarseen una academia militar, la primera que in-gres en las FAS. Veintin aos despus, al-ternando la sonrisa con la respuesta discipli-nada de quien no acostumbra a hablar conperiodistas, recibi a este peridico en la sedecentral del Ministerio de Defensa.

    3. PBLICO Cmo interpreta la llegada de mu-jeres a puestos de alta responsabilidad, empe-zando por la ministra de Defensa?

    PATRICIA ORTEGA El gnero es una condicin,no es un valor. Que un jefe sea hombre omujer es irrelevante e intrascendente.

    4. P Se puede ser feminista y militar?PO Si el feminismo se entiende comoigualdad de oportunidades, se puede de-cir que el Ejrcito es feminista.5. P Ha sentido discriminacin en su tra-bajo?PO No hubiera sido distinto si trabajaseen una empresa privada o de la Admi-nistracin. Tendemos todos a hacer elchascarrillo y decir eso es porque es mu-jer o porque es hombre.

    6. P La actitud de los mandos hacia las mu-jeres ha cambiado desde su llegada al Ejr-cito?PO En 1988, mis mandos tenan 60 aos yla mentalidad de la poca. No se pue-den juzgar comportamientos pasa-dos con valores actuales. En miprimer destino, el jefe de acuar-telamiento me evalu: Suprofesionalidad ha hecho pa-sar desapercibida su condi-cin de mujer. Cuando lole, me revolvi, y pens:Pero si yo no soy ni mujerni hombre, soy un trabaja-dor!. Entonces no lo en-tend, pero ahora lo re-cuerdo con cario, queradecir que era una profe-sional.

    TMOIGNAGE [ NIVEAU 1 ]

    1. luce (lucir) elle arbore / desde hace (hacer)depuis (+ dure) / la estrella de ocho puntasltoile huit branches / el hombro lpaule / lachaqueta la veste / el teniente coronel le lieu-tenant-colonel / el cargo le poste / que hastaahora slo alcanzaban hombres rserv jusque-l aux hommes.

    2. el Ejrcito lArme / junto a avec / el com-paero le camarade / que ingres en treincorpore dans / de quien no acostumbra ade qui na pas lhabitude de / el periodista lejournaliste / en la sede au sige.

    3. empezando (empezar) por commencer par/ el gnero ici le sexe / irrelevante sans signifi-cation / e (= y devant i) intrascendente et sansimportance.

    4. la igualdad de oportunidades lgalit deschances.

    5. si trabajase si javais travaill / el chasca-rrillo lanecdote, ici la petite rflexion.

    6. el mando lofficier suprieur / hacia vers /el destino laffectation / el acuartelamiento lecasernement / me revolvi (revolver) javaist trouble / pero si mais puisque / entonces lpoque / no lo entend (entender) je ne laipas compris / lo recuerdo (recordar) je mensouviens / el cario laffection.

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    Que un jefe sea hombre omujer es irrelevante eintrascendente.

    La autoridad se tiene, y elliderazgo se ganaLautorit on la, mais trechef a se mrite

    RENC

    ONTR

    E AV

    ECPA

    TRIC

    IA O

    RTEG

    Am

    ilita

    ire e

    spag

    nole

    (DR)

    POR DANI POZO Y ROCO AGUILARPBLICO

    26-27-HS-Steph:A LA UNE 2 8/03/10 13:08 Page 26

  • VOCABLE HORS SRIE 27

    7. le ha faltado al respeto ne vous a manqu

    de respect / sencillo simple / cree (creer) que

    elle estime que / a la par que au mme rythme

    que.

    8. la zanja le foss / ha tenido (tener) que a

    d / superar franchir / lo nico la seule chose /

    ha habido (haber) que il a fallu / casado con

    mari avec / que les mandaban a los dos a

    Bosnia que lon envoyait tous les deux en Bos-

    nie / han regulado ont rgl / el referente la

    rfrence.

    9. trata de que veille ce que / cumplan res-

    pectent / que la respalde qui la soutienne / no

    sirve (servir) cest inutile / temer redouter / la

    arbitrariedad larbitraire.

    10. el orgullo la fiert.

    LAS CIFRASen relacin con par rapport / los de los pases

    ici celles des pays / el segundo lugar la

    deuxime place / a continuacin se sitan se

    classent ensuite.

    8. P Pertenece a una generacin de mu-jeres que abrieron camino, qu zanjas hatenido que superar la igualdad?PO Lo nico que nos diferencia es lo bio-lgico. Ahora se habla mucho de la con-ciliacin, pero para mi generacin eseconcepto no exista. Ha habido que crearuna reglamentacin para la maternidad,por ejemplo. Recuerdo a una compa-era, casada con otro militar, y que lesmandaban a los dos a Bosnia. Y enton-ces, qu pasaba con los hijos? Tan pro-fesional era l, como ella. En la actua-lidad, no van a enviar a los dos amisiones si tienen una carga familiar.Las FAS han regulado este tema y ahorason un referente.9. La nueva teniente coronel trabaja enla Direccin General de Infraestructu-ras y trata de que los edificios militarescumplan la nueva legislacin civil. Hayplanes de calidad de vida de la tropa.Pero el tema de la integracin no sepuede quedar reducido a poner bids,

    es ms profundo. Si se crea una infra-estructura y no estamos convencidos decul es nuestra funcin, si no hay detrsuna educacin que la respalde, no sirve,dice. La integracin de la mujer pasapor la igualdad, sin esperar trato de fa-vor ni temer a la arbitrariedad, aade.

    10. P Cmo recuerda sus aos de forma-cin?PO Con cario y orgullo. Entonces no ra-mos conscientes del nivel de autoexigencia

    que nos impusimos. Haba una ordenno explcita de que aquello tena

    que ser natural.

    ANGL

    AIS

    ALLE

    MAN

    D

    ESPA

    GNOL

    GUID

    E

    7. P Ningn subordinado le ha faltado alrespeto en su carrera?PO La autoridad se tiene, y el liderazgo segana. (La militar es madre de tres hijosy asegura que conciliar la vida familiar yprofesional no siempre ha sido sencillo,cree que el Ejrcito ha evolucionado a lapar que la sociedad.)

    Las cifras

    Los Ejrcitos espaoles, en relacin

    con los de los pases europeos, ocu-

    pan el segundo lugar en porcentaje

    de mujeres. El primero es para Fran-

    cia con un 14% de mujeres y a con-

    tinuacin se sitan Espaa (12%),

    Grecia (10%), Pases Bajos y Reino

    Unido (9%), y Alemania y Blgica

    (8%).

    Patricia Ortega es unaprecursora en Espaa. (EFE)

    i

    26-27-HS-Steph:A LA UNE 2 3/03/10 15:57 Page 27

  • CRISIS Y EJRCITOFEMENINO EN ESPAAESPAA ES EL SEGUNDO PAS EUROPEO con mayorpresencia de personal femenino en el ejrcito,aunque la presencia de las mujeres en las FuerzasArmadas tiene apenas 20 aos, y pueden estar entodas las unidades, incluidas las de primera lnea decombate. En el actual estado de crisis en Espaa,mes a mes se estn incrementando las peticionesde ingreso en las Fuerzas Armadas porque paramuchas jvenes sta es una salida laboral segura. aunque (+ indic.) bien que (+ subj.) / incluido y compris / se estn (estar) incrementando ne font que saccrotre /la peticin la demande / el ingreso en lincorporation dans / muchas jvenes beaucoup de jeunes filles / sta es unasalida laboral cest un dbouch professionnel.

    VENEZUELA SEMILITARIZALA GUERRA ES AHORA un asuntode todos en Venezuela. Elpresidente, Hugo Chvez, hapromulgado el pasado mes denoviembre la reforma de dosleyes en las que se instituye lacreacin de milicias bolivarianas,un cuerpo armado integrado porciviles bajo el mando directo delpresidente, y se reestablece laobligatoriedad del servicio militardurante un ao. un asunto de todos laffaire de tout le monde / inte-grado por compos de / el mando le commandement /la obligatoriedad le caractre obligatoire.

    EN BREF

    Indiana Jones yel legionario

    L a empresa sevillana Indus-trias Sombrereras EspaolasSA (Isesa) disear y fabri-car el sombrero del protagonista

    de la quinta pelcula de la saga

    de Indiana Jones y emprender

    un plan de expansin interna-

    cional hacia Europa occidental,

    Estados Unidos y Japn. Asi-

    mismo, esta empresa, que en

    2010 cumple 125 aos de exis-

    tencia ha ganado el concurso del

    Ejrcito espaol para fabricar el

    gorro de los legionarios.

    sombrerero chapelier / disear crera / el protago-

    nista le hros / quinto cinquime / hacia vers / asi-

    mismo de mme / cumple 125 aos fte ses 125 ans / el

    concurso lappel doffres / el gorro le bonnet.

    28 VOCABLE HORS SRIE

    CARRERA DEARMAS ENIBEROAMRICALEJOS DE AVANZAR EN LOS PROCESOSDE INTEGRACIN REGIONAL, Amrica La-tina compra armas masivamente desde que las

    exportaciones de materias primas de aos atrs

    permitieron a sus Gobiernos disponer de dinero

    para modernizar los arsenales. El petrleo vene-

    zolano, el cobre chileno y el grano brasileo han

    financiado, en buena medida, los misiles rusos ad-

    quiridos por Hugo Chvez, los F-16 estadouniden-

    ses de Chile o los submarinos de guerra encarga-

    dos por Brasilia a Francia. La renovada asociacin

    militar de Colombia y Estados Unidos, paralela

    al alineamiento de Venezuela con Irn y Rusia, cer-

    tifica el naufragio de las polticas de convergencia

    regional aplicadas en la dcada de los noventa.

    Venezuela compra a Rusia misiles de largo alcance

    y fusiles; Brasil a Francia, aviones de combate y

    submarinos.

    la materia prima la matire premire / de aos atrs desannes prcdentes / el cobre le cuivre / en buenamedida en bonne part / estadounidense amricain /encargado por command par / renovado renouvel /en la dcada de los noventa durant les annes 1990 / delargo alcance longue porte.

    (SIP

    A)

    (SIP

    A)

    (SIP

    A)

    (SIP

    A)

    28-HS-Steph:30-ON EN PARLE 3/03/10 15:59 Page 28

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    29-HS ARMEE: Page impair 3/03/10 16:00 Page 29

  • 30 VOCABLE Du 4 au 17 fvrier 2010

    EN 1968, TROIS SIDRURGISTES(Robert de Niro, John Savage

    et Christopher Walken) d'une

    petite ville de Pennsylvanie

    sengagent. Deux ans plus

    tard, au Vietnam, ils sont faits

    prisonniers et endurent des tor-

    tures aussi bien physiques que

    mentales Ce film a t peru

    de manire contradictoire

    selon que le public tait am-

    ricain ou pas : ultraconserva-

    teur ou pacifiste, dnonciateur

    ou complaisant, la frontire

    est parfois floue pour les films

    du genre lorsquon na pas le

    recul du temps.

    1978

    Apocalypse Now DE FRANCIS FORD COPPOLA

    ADAPTATION LIBRE DU ROMANAU CUR DES TNBRES deJoseph Conrad, on suit le capi-

    taine Willard (Martin Sheen)

    qui les services secrets ont

    demand de retrouver et

    dexcuter le colonel Kurtz

    (Marlon Brando), fou et san-

    guinaire, cach en amont dun

    fleuve, au Cambodge. Ce film

    au tournage pique obtint la

    Palme dOr Cannes lanne

    de sa sortie.

    1979

    Platoon DE OLIVER STONE

    FILM SEMI-AUTOBIOGRAPHIQUEretraant lhistoire dun

    engag volontaire au Viet-

    GUID

    E

    nam en 1967 dont lenthou-

    siasme seffrite rapidement

    la dcouverte de la ralit

    sur le terrain. Son systme de

    valeurs et son jugement sont

    remis en cause par les

    mthodes de ses suprieurs

    et des autres membres de sa

    section. Un film rcompens

    par quatre Oscars et trois Gol-

    den Globe Awards.

    1986

    Full Metal Jacket DE STANLEY KUBRICK

    LA FIN DES ANNES 1960,on assiste lentranement

    de jeunes recrues de lUS

    Marines Corps dans un

    camp en Caroline du Sud,

    puis on les retrouve pris

    dans les combats de lof-

    fensive du Tt. Chacune des

    deux parties bien distinctes

    de ce film constitue un rcit

    particulier aboutissant,

    dans les deux cas, un

    dnouement dramatique.

    1987

    LA GUERREDU GOLFELes rois dudsert DE DAVID O. RUSSEL

    GEORGE CLOONEY, MARK WAHL-BERG et Ice Cube y incarnentdes soldats ayant dcid de

    rcuprer une partie de lor

    drob par Saddam Hussein

    au Koweit afin de se ddom-

    mager de leur frustration

    existentielle dans une cause

    qui manque de clart.

    1999

    Jarhead La finde linnocence DE SAM MENDES

    EN 1990, de jeunes recrues pr-pares en dcoudre ne ren-

    contrent sous la chaleur du

    dsert saoudien que lattente

    et lennui. Peu peu sinstalle

    un climat dltre o explose

    au sein mme du groupe la

    violence engrange contre len-

    nemi.

    2005

    LA GUERREEN IRAKRedacted DE BRIAN DE PALMA

    EN 2006, le ralisateur prendconnaissance dun massacre

    ATTICA, LA LIBRAIRIE DESLANGUES NOUS PR-SENTE ici une slectionde films et de sriesayant trait aux diffrentesguerres auxquelles ontpris part les Etats-Unis,depuis celle du Vietnamjusqu celle en Irak. Cestune slection engage,constitue de films fortset pertinents. Des com-bats au grand cran

    LA GUERREDU VIETNAMLes Brets verts DE RAY KELLOGG ET JOHNWAYNE

    LE COLONEL MIKE KIRBY (JOHNWAYNE) recrute deux unitsd'lite des forces spciales pour

    aider la construction d'un

    camp retranch en pleine zone

    ennemie, le scuriser, puis cap-

    turer un gnral nord-vietna-

    mien. Un film de guerre

    fortement patriotique et une

    apologie des guerriers

    mythiques promus par lad-

    ministration Kennedy et la

    presse amricaine pour

    convaincre le peuple amricain

    des raisons de lengagement

    du pays dans cette guerre.

    1968

    Voyage au boutde l'enfer DE MICHAEL CIMINO

    LA G

    UER

    RE

    LEC

    RAN

    En partenariat avec

    30-31-HS-Steph:vocable 3/03/10 16:03 Page 30

  • perptr par des soldats am-

    ricains Mahmoudiva, prs de

    Bagdad. Son film montre le

    point de vue des diffrents pro-

    tagonistes de la tuerie. Il tra-

    duit galement la faon dont

    les soldats utilisent dsormais

    la camra pour dnoncer ce

    quils voient. Le film pose direc-

    tement la question du devoir

    de tmoignage sur le vif lors-

    quon est impliqu dans une

    opration militaire.

    2007

    DE RETOUR DIRAK POUR UNEPERMISSION, le soldat MikeDeerfield disparat mystrieu-

    sement. Son pre (Tommy Lee

    Jones), un ancien officier de la

    police militaire, part la

    recherche de ce fils bientt tax

    de dsertion. tape aprs

    tape, sa qute lui rvlera la

    vrit des exactions sur le ter-

    rain, que les autorits touf-

    fent pour raisons militaires.

    2007

    Du 24 au 17 fvrier 2010 VOCABLE 31

    Battle forHadithaDE NICK BROOMFIELD

    CE DOCUMENTARISTE sest ins-pir de faits rels (la plus

    grosse bavure du conflit qui a

    caus le 19 novembre 2005 la

    mort de 24 civils irakiens) dans

    une reconstitution criante de

    vrit.

    2007

    REPORTAGESET SRIESTaxi to the DarkSide DALEX GIBNEYStandardOperatingProcedure DERROL MORRIS

    CES DEUX DOCUMENTAIRESDNONCENT LES MAUVAISTRAITEMENTS infligs aux pri-sonniers dAbu Ghraib en Irak,

    et de Guantanamo Cuba,

    avec des preuves confiden-

    tielles dvoiles au grand

    public.

    2007 - 2008

    Fahrenheit 9/11 DE MICHAEL MOORE

    CE DOCUMENTAIRE CHARGEcontre la politique trangre

    du gouvernement Bush Jr. est

    salu internationalement par

    la critique et obtient la Palme

    dor du Festival de Cannes lan-

    ne de sa sortie.

    2004

    DIFFUSS SUR FX NETWORK dejuillet octobre 2005, les 13

    pisodes de 42 minutes sui-

    vent le parcours crois de sol-

    dats mobiliss en Irak et de

    leurs familles aux Etats-Unis,

    en optant pour une vision trs

    raliste des choses.

    The Unit

    INSPIRE DU LIVRE D'ERICHANEY Inside Delta Force,cette srie de 69 pisodes

    raconte les exploits dun

    commando dlite charg

    de missions antiterroristes

    secrtes et dangereuses

    dans le monde entier.

    SORTIES

    tout pour les langues pour toutes les langues

    Commandes distance :11 rue Boussingault - CS 51309 75214 Paris Cedex 13 Tl. : 01 49 29 27 31 Fax : 01 48 06 47 85 info@attica.fr - www@attica.fr

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    Over & There

    Dans la valledElah DE PAUL HAGGIS

    30-31-HS-Steph:vocable 4/03/10 11:23 Page 31

  • 32 VOCABLE HORS-SRIE

    Gros plan sur le STANAG 6001LES NATIONS PARTICIPANT AUX FORCES DE LOTAN ONT ADOPT UN RFRENTIEL COMMUN DE COMPTENCES LINGUISTIQUES. Dcouvrez le descriptif des diffrents niveaux !

    ESTIMER VOTRE NIVEAUCr en 1976, le STANAG

    6001 est laccord de nor-

    malisation dvolu aux

    langues trangres. I l

    df init les

    niveaux de

    comptence

    e n a t t r i -

    bu ant aux

    c a d r e s m i l i t a i r e s d e

    lAlliance atlantique un

    profil linguistique standar-

    di s (PLS) constitu de

    quatre chiffres correspon-

    dant aux comptences lan-

    gagires suivantes : com-

    prhension orale, compr-

    hension crite, expression

    orale et expression crite.

    FORM

    ATIO

    N

    Ainsi un cadre militaire qui

    possde un PLS 3321 signi-

    fie quil a le niveau 3 en

    comprhension de la langue

    parle; niveau 3 en expres-

    sion orale, niveau 2 en com-

    prhension de la langue

    crite et niveau 1 en ex-

    pression crite.

    FAVORISER LACOMMUNICATIONAfin de favoriser l'interop-

    rabilit et la normalisation,

    le BILC Bureau de coor-

    dination linguistique inter-

    La version 2003 du STANAG 6001 est accessible sur le site

    Internet du BILC :

    http://www.bilc.forces.gc.ca/stanag/index-fra.asp

    Cet article a t rdig par la section Langues de la direction

    des ressources humaines de l'Arme de l'air.

    nationale prte une at-

    tention toute particulire

    l'valuation linguistique.

    Quel que soit le systme de

    test qui est utilis par une

    nation en particulier, cet or-

    ganisme consultatif de

    lOTAN favorise une com-

    prhension et une interpr-

    tation communes des ni-

    veaux de la norme STANAG

    6001, de sorte que les r-

    sultats obtenus par les pro-

    tocoles d'valuation soient

    comparables d'un pays

    l'autre.

    Labrviation STANAG (Stan-

    dardisation AGreement

    accord de normalisation) est

    une norme militaire inter-

    nationale cre par lOrga-

    nisation du Trait de lAt-

    lantique Nord en vue daider

    les pays de

    lAlliance

    atteindre les

    niveaux din-

    teroprabi-

    lit requis et mieux

    accomplir leurs tches com-

    munes en matire de stra-

    tgie, doprations et de

    tactique, comprendre et ex-

    cuter les procdures de com-

    mandement, utiliser les

    techniques, le matriel et les

    quipements de manire

    plus efficace.

    La comptence langagire se divise en six

    niveaux numrots de 0 5 dont la dfini-

    tion globale correspond :

    Niveau 0 - Aucune comptence

    Niveau 1 - Comptence de survie

    Niveau 2 - Comptence fonctionnelle

    Niveau 3 - Comptence professionnelle

    Niveau 4 - Comptence experte

    Niveau 5 - Comptence du locuteur natif rudit

    Tout profil linguistique est prcd du sigle PLS (SLP en

    anglais).

    BUREAU COORDINATION FORMATION

    BON SAVOIR

    BON

    S PL

    AN

    S

    Une harmonisationinternationale

    32-HS ARMEE:vocable 3/03/10 16:05 Page 32

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    33-HS ARMEE: Page impair 3/03/10 16:34 Page 33

  • 34 VOCABLE HORS-SRIE

    NOUNS

    ODD ONE OUT

    T E S TiTEST 2

    PLUS DE JEUX SUR www.vocable.fr

    MACMILLAN

    TEST 3COMMANDSAND WARNINGSTEST 1

    Ces exercices sont extraits de CAMPAIGN, CheckYour Vocabulary for Military English, de RichardBowyer, publi par les ditions MACMILLAN.Faites vos jeux !

    1. This squadrons primary role is the _____________ of theenemys supply routes.

    2. The approach to the bridge is guarded by a _____________ .

    3. Your limit of exploitation is the five seven _____________ .

    4. The COs _____________ is at 1400 hours.

    5. The whole area has been contaminated by _____________ .

    6. The battle groups position has a _____________ of fivekilometres.

    7. All our routes and report lines are marked on the_____________ .

    8. Tell the battery commander to send us a copy of the_____________ .

    9. We found _____________ of the aircraft scattered across thehillside.

    Column A Column B

    1. Take cover! a. Get out of your vehicle.

    2. Unload! b. Find yourself some protection from enemy fire.

    3. Tank action! c. Start shooting.

    4. Open fire! d. Remove all ammunition from the weapon

    and ensure that it is clear.

    5. Debus! e. Prepare to engage armoured vehicles.

    All the nouns in the box relate tomilitary matters. Use them tocomplete the sentences below.

    fireplan northing frontage pillbox O Group

    wreckage trace interdiction fallout

    1. guerilla mercenary soldier partisan

    2. Phantom Apache Tornado Harrier

    3. midshipman admiral sub-lieutenant colonel

    4. B-1 B-2 F-117A F-22

    5. pistol assault light cannonweapon machine-gun

    Un peu d'exercice !

    En partenariat avec

    Rponses :1. b, 2. d, 3. e, 4. c, 5. a

    Rponses :1. Soldier: the others are all irregular troops, 2. Apache: the othersare all fired-wing aircrafts, 3. Colonel: the others are all naval ranks,4. B-1: the others are all stealth aircrafts, 5. Cannon: the others are allsmall guns.

    When you are operating with English-speaking troops,it is essential that you understand the variouscommands and warnings which are used. Your lifemay depend upon it!Match the terms and phrases in column A to theircorrect definitions in column B.

    In each set of words, one is the odd oneout: different from the others. Find theword that is different and circle it.For example:captain sergeant lieutenant major

    sergeant is the odd one out. All the others are officers.

    Rponses :1. Interdiction, 2. pillbox, 3. northing, 4. O Group, 5. fallout, 6.frontage, 7. trace, 8. fireplan, 9. wreckage.

    34-HS-Steph:11_TEST 3/03/10 16:06 Page 34

  • 35-HS ARMEE: Page impair 3/03/10 16:07 Page 35

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    36-HS ARMEE: Page pair 3/03/10 16:07 Page 36

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